Publisher: Facts on File (May 31, 2003)
Sold by: Amazon Digital Services
The CIA is one of the most mysterious and most controversial government agencies, yet journalist Smith glosses over its more complicated aspects in his A-to-Z guide to the organization, which presents the CIA’s history from its inception in 1947 through today’s war on terror. Smith, a former Marine Corps infantry leader and paratrooper, rather glorifies the agency and its operatives-e.g., in writing of the CIA’s role in the 1953 Iranian coup d’etat, he describes ousted leader Mossadegh as “a nervous man prone to fits of crying” and gives little weight to Mossadegh’s assertion that the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, which he wanted to nationalize, “was bleeding Iran dry of its oil.” The Iran operation “went off without a hitch,” Smith writes triumphantly, offering no clue as to the action’s controversial nature. But, while not a fully objective history, this volume can be a handy reference for anyone who needs a reminder as to what the “Halloween Massacre” was or what the various nicknames given to the CIA’s predecessor, the OSS (“Oh So Secret,” “Oh So Social”) were. 45 b&w photos.
The most famous library of classical antiquity. It formed part of the research institute at Alexandria in Egypt that is known as the Museum, or the Alexandrian Museum.
The Alexandrian library and museum were founded and maintained by the long succession of Ptolemies in Egypt from the beginning of the 3rd century BC. The library’s initial organization was the work of Demetrius of Phaleron, who was familiar with the achievements of the library at Athens. Both the museum and the library were organized in faculties, with a president-priest at the head and the salaries of the staff paid by the Egyptian king. A subsidiary “daughter library” was established about 235 BC by Ptolemy III (Euergetes) in the Temple of Serapis, the main museum and library being located in the palace precincts, in the district known as the Brucheium. It is not known how far the ideal of an international library—incorporating not only all Greek literature but also translations into Greek from the other languages of the Mediterranean, the Middle East, and India—was realized. It is certain that the library was in the main Greek; the only translation recorded was the Septuagint. Read the rest of this entry »